5 Types of Sleep Disorders

Insomnia and types of sleep disorders

Today we will discuss with you 5 Types of Sleep Disorders.How hard it’s for you when you are trying to sleep and relax but fail to fall asleep.Changing sides constantly in hope of getting sleep with a lot of irritation. It’s what we call sleep disorder when one fails to sleep properly, adequately, and take good quality of sleep. Sleep is a very essential part of our lives. Today we will discuss with you 5 Types of Sleep Disorders. It makes our brain and body healthy and refreshed. A sound and good quality sleep keep us alert after waking up. Without enough and proper sleep one’s brain fails to function properly. When you are unable to get appropriate sleep, It has a lot of harmful impacts on your brain and body. The most common consequences of sleep disorders are headaches, mood swings, fatigue, irritation, and anxiety.

Types of Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders lead to chronic health issues like Diabetes and health diseases. About 70 million US citizens are suffering from different kinds of sleep disorders.Although there are a number of prevailing sleep disorders there are 5 most common among types of Sleep Disorders which are as follows.

Insomnia and types of sleep disorders
Sleep disorders symptoms



3-Sleep Apnea.

4-Restless legs Syndrome. 5-REM Sleep Behavior Disorder

5-REM Sleep Behavior Disorder

Insomnia Disorder

The most common among all types of disorders is Insomnia. During insomnia one fails to fall asleep or finds difficulty in falling asleep. One suffering from insomnia has non-restorative sleep. During insomnia patient often wakes up at night and faces difficulty in falling asleep again. A person having insomnia feels unfresh after getting up. Insomnia patients may have fatigue issues and sleepiness during the day.

Common Causes of Insomnia

It is usually associated with some medical issues, death of a loved one, stress, lack of activity, and napping during the day.

How common Insomnia is in Adults

According to survey results, 50 % of adults face insomnia occasionally but 10% suffer from chronic insomnia.

What is Narcolepsy?

Narcolepsy is a type of sleep disorder that is a neurological disorder in which Patient suffering from narcolepsy fails to regulate their sleep-wake cycles. Narcoleptic patients experience uncontrolled sleepiness, and drowsiness during the day. It is difficult for such a person to stay awake. Uncontrolled sleepiness can occur any time during the day or during any specific activity. It is also associated with muscle weakness with emotional changes.

Which age groups suffer from Narcolepsy?

Narcolepsy is usually common at ages 15 and 25 but can also occur at any age. It is often difficult to diagnose and treat as well.

What is Restless legs syndrome?

It is a type of sleep disorder in which a person experiences an uncontrolled desire to move his legs. Its symptoms include aching in the legs, as something in the lower legs, and an urge to constantly move on the legs. A person may feel helpless and irritable during this situation. During this syndrome, it is very difficult to sleep due to aching in the legs.

When does RLS occur?

It usually occurs during the night, when supporting or lying on any surface like a bed. It also occurs after a long period of inactivity.

How to get relieved from Restless legs syndrome?

During restless legs syndrome, one could feel relief by moving your legs, walking, or stretching your legs.

What is Sleep Apnea?

Sleep apnea is a type of sleep disorder in which one finds difficulty in breathing while asleep. During breathing, difficulty and loud snoring one fails to sleep or suddenly gets up during sleep. In mild cases, it can happen once or twice a night but in severe cases, It can happen hundreds of times in a single night.

Types of sleep apnea

There are fundamentally two of sleep apnea:

1-Obstructive Sleep Apnea

OSA is a type of sleep apnea in which air passage is blocked due to a collapse in the soft tissue at the back of the throat and sleep is interrupted. Symptoms include daytime sleepiness, snoring, general fatigue, and restlessness.

2-Central Sleep Apnea

CSA is the second type of sleep apnea. In this disorder, the air passageway is not blocked. Instead, the brain does not order the body to breathe. This causes a low level of oxygen in the body tissues. Due to this sleep interruption takes place and causes restlessness.

Treatment of Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea can be treated or it is controlled in a number of ways.

  • Continuous airway pressure way therapy is used to keep the air passage open.
  • Use oral appliances which can help sleep apnea.
  • You can go for surgery for obstruction in the air passageway.
  • If sleep apnea is due to obesity, then go for weight loss.
  • If it occurs due to sleep on the back, then positional therapy could be effective.

REM Sleep Behavior Disorder

REM is a sleep disorder in which people do actions as in their dreams. They can move their limbs, move around, shout, scream, and hit themselves or other people around them. They can be a danger to themselves and their families. This type of disorder can make such people irritated and exhausted. Their family and social life are disturbed.

Treatment of Rem

The best way to treat REM is to consult your physician. It is treated through medication.

Sleep disorders are very common today, causing stress and restlessness among people. It interferes with the social behavior of the people. It is advised to recognize the different types of sleep disorders and necessarily consult your physician to get rid of this trouble. Although different sleeping pills or medicines and anti-depressants are available, it is better not to use them by yourself. Sleep meds are usually sedative and cause a high level of dependency. They should not be used continuously for a long period of time. There is also a need for lifestyle changes, eating healthily, take the exercise regularly, and maintaining a healthy weight for sound and proper sleep. The last and very important step to avoid sleep disorders is to sleep early by keeping away your gadgets.

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